Frequently Asked Questions

What is complex trauma?

  • Repetitive or prolonged harm or abandonment.
  • Occurs during physically, psychologically, or emotionally vulnerable times in development.
  • Can cause extreme stress in body, mind, emotions and relationships.
  • Results in dissociation, emotional dysregulation, somatic distress, relational or spiritual alienation.

How significant is the issue of trauma?

Research indicates that roughly 60 percent of adults experience abuse at some point during their childhood.  Four out of ten children report that they have experienced a physical assault during the past year.  As a result of these overwhelming statistics, there is a great need for addressing the emotional, physical and spiritual pain and woundedness that result from these traumas.

The Adverse Childhood Experiences (ACE) Study is one of the largest investigations ever conducted to assess associations between childhood maltreatment (trauma) and later-life health and well-being. This initial study (in Chicago) linked childhood trauma to long-term health and social consequences, including social, emotional and cognitive impairment; adoption of high risk behaviors; disease, disability and social problems; and  early death. ACEs impact financial well-being, physical and mental health, and have major legal implications.